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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Notes and Bibliography Format: Citing Books

One author FIRST NOTE: Author's first & last names, Book Title (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.
  • Michael Pollan, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 99–100.
SUBSEQUENT NOTES: Author's last name, Book Title, page number.
  • Pollan, Omnivore’s Dilemma, 3.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.
  •  Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.
Two or three authors

FIRST NOTE: First author's first & last names and second author's first & last names, Book Title (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

  • Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007), 52.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: First author's last name and second author's last name, Book Title, page numbers.

  • Ward and Burns, War, 59–61.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:  First author's last name, first name, and second author's first & last names. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.

  • Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.

Four or more authors

**List all of the authors in the bibliography; in the notes, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”).

FIRST NOTE: First author's first & last names et al., Book Title (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

  • Dana Barnes et al., Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s. (New York: Knopf, 2011), 132.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: First author's last name et al., Book Title, page number.

  • Barnes et al., Plastics, 145.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: First author's last name, first name, additional author's first & last names. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.

  • Barnes, Dana, Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and Ben Braddock. Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s. New York: Knopf, 2011.

Edited, translated, or compiled work
(no author)

FIRST NOTE: Editor/Translator's first & last names, ed./trans., Book Title (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

  • Richmond Lattimore, trans., The Iliad of Homer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951), 91–92.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: Editor/Translator's last name, Book Title, page number.

  • Lattimore, Iliad, 24.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Editor/Translator's last name, first name, ed./trans. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.

  • Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.
Edited, translated, or compiled work
(with author)

FIRST NOTE: Author's first & last names, Book Title, ed./trans. Editor/Translator's first & last names (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

  • Gabriel García Márquez, Love in the Time of Cholera, trans. Edith Grossman (London: Cape, 1988), 242–55.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: Author's last name, Book Title, page number.

  • García Márquez, Cholera, 33.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. Book Title. Edited/Translated by Editor/Translator's first & last names. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.

  • García Márquez, Gabriel. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape, 1988.

Chapter or part of a book

FIRST NOTE: Author's first & last names, "Chapter or Essay title," in Book Title, ed. Editor's first & last names (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

  • John D. Kelly, “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War,” in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly et al. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: Author's last name, "Chapter title," page numbers.

  • Kelly, “Seeing Red,” 81–82.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. "Chapter or essay title." In Book Title, edited by Editor's first & last names, page numbers. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.

  • Kelly, John D. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University  of Chicago Press, 2010.
Chapter in an edited volume originally published elsewhere (Reprint)

FIRST NOTE: Author's first & last names, "Chapter or Essay title," in Book Title, ed. Editor's first & last names, vol. number of Series Title, ed. Editor's first & last names (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

  • Quintus Tullius Cicero, “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship,” in Rome: Late Republic and Principate, ed. Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White, vol. 2 of University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, ed. John Boyer and Julius Kirshner (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986), 35.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: Author's last name, "Chapter or essay title," page numbers.

  • Cicero, “Canvassing for the Consulship,” 35.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. "Chapter or essay title." In Book Title, edited by Editor's first & last names. Vol. number of Series Title, edited by Editor's first & last names, page numbers. City of Publication: Publisher, Year. Originally published in Editor/Translator's name, ed./trans., Book Title, vol. number (City of Publication: Publisher, Year).

  • Cicero, Quintus Tullius. “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship.” In Rome: Late Republic and Principate, edited by Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White. Vol. 2 of University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, edited by John Boyer and Julius Kirshner, 33–46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986. Originally published in Evelyn S. Shuckburgh, trans., The Letters of  Cicero, vol. 1 (London: George Bell & Sons, 1908).
Preface, foreward, or introduction of a book

FIRST NOTE: Author of introduction's first & last names, introduction/preface to Book Title, by author of book's first & last names (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), page numbers.

  • James Rieger, introduction to Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (Chicago: University of  Chicago Press, 1982), xx–xxi.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: Author of introduction's first & last names, introduction, page numbers.

  • Rieger, introduction, xxxiii.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author of introduction's last name, first name. Introduction/preface to Book Title, by author of book's first & last names, page numbers. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.

  • Rieger, James. Introduction to Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, xi–xxxvii. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

E-Book

**If a book is available in more than one format, cite the version you consulted. For books consulted online, list a URL; include an access date only if one is required by your instructor. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or a chapter number.

FIRST NOTE: Author first & last names, Book Title (City of Publication: Publisher, Year), E-book format OR accessed date, URL.

  • Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), Kindle edition.
  • Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), accessed February 28, 2010, http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

SUBSEQUENT NOTES: Author's last name, Book Title, page numbers or chapter number, if applicable.

  • Austen, Pride and Prejudice.
  • Kurland and Lerner, Founder’s Constitution, chap. 10, doc. 19.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author last name, first name. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year. E-book format OR accessed date. URL.

  • Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.
  • Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.