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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Author-Date Format: Citing Books

One author NOTE: (Author's last name Year, page numbers)
  • (Pollan 2006, 99–100)
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. Year. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher.
  •  Pollan, Michael. 2006. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin.
Two or three authors

NOTE: (First author's last name and second author's last name Year, page numbers)

  • (Ward and Burns 2007, 52)

BIBLIOGRAPHY:  First author's last name, first name, and second author's first & last names. Year. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher.

  • Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. 2007. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf.

Four or more authors

**List all of the authors in the bibliography; in the notes, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”).

NOTE: (First author's last name et al. Year, page numbers)

  • (Sechzer et al. 1996)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: First author's last name, first name, additional author's first initials & last names. Year. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher.

  • Sechzer, Jeri A., S. M. Pfaffilin, F. L. Denmark, A. Griffin, and S. J. Blumenthal. 1996. Women and Mental Health. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University.

Edited, translated, or compiled work
(no author)

NOTE: (Author's last name Year, page numbers)

  • (Lattimore 1951, 91–92)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Editor/Translator's last name, first name, ed./trans. Year. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher.

  • Lattimore, Richmond, trans. 1951. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Edited, translated, or compiled work
(with author)

 NOTE: (Author's last name Year, page numbers)

  • (García Márquez 1988, 242–55)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. Year. Book Title. Edited/Translated by Editor/Translator's first & last names. City of Publication: Publisher.

  • García Márquez, Gabriel. 1988. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape.

Chapter or part of a book

NOTE: (Author's last name Year, page numbers)

  • (Kelly 2010, 77)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. Year. "Chapter or essay title." In Book Title, edited by Editor's first & last names, page numbers. City of Publication: Publisher.

  • Kelly, John D. 2010. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Chapter in an edited volume originally published elsewhere (Reprint)

NOTE: (Author's last name Year, page numbers)

  • (Cicero 1986, 35)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author's last name, first name. Year. "Chapter or essay title." In Book Title, edited by Editor's first & last names. Vol. number of Series Title, edited by Editor's first & last names, page numbers. City of Publication: Publisher. Originally published in Editor/Translator's name, ed./trans., Book Title, vol. number (City of Publication: Publisher, Year).

  • Cicero, Quintus Tullius. 1986. “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship.” In Rome: Late Republic and Principate, edited by Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White. Vol. 2 of University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, edited by John Boyer and Julius Kirshner, 33–46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published in Evelyn S. Shuckburgh, trans., The Letters of Cicero, vol. 1 (London: George Bell & Sons, 1908).
Preface, foreward, or introduction of a book

NOTE: (Author's last name Year, page numbers)

  • (Rieger 1982, xx–xxi)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author of introduction's last name, first name. Year. Introduction/preface to Book Title, by author of book's first & last names, page numbers. City of Publication: Publisher.

  • Rieger, James. 1982. Introduction to Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, xi–xxxvii. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

E-Book

**If a book is available in more than one format, cite the version you consulted. For books consulted online, list a URL; include an access date only if one is required by your instructor. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or a chapter number.

NOTE: (Author's last name Year, page numbers or chapter number, if applicable)

  • (Austen 2007)
  • (Kurland and Lerner 1987, chap. 10, doc. 19)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Author last name, first name. Year. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher. E-book format OR access date. URL.

  • Austen, Jane. 2007. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics. Kindle edition.
  • Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.