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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

In-Text Citations

The ACS Style Guide allows you to cite references in one of three different ways:

  • By superscript numbers, which appear outside the punctuation if the citation applies to a whole sentence or clause.

Oscillation in the reaction of benzaldehyde with oxygen was reported previously.3

  • By italic numbers in parentheses on the line of text and inside the punctuation.

The mineralization of TCE by a pure culture of a methane-oxidizing organism has been reported (6).

  • By author name and year of publication in parentheses inside the punctuation (known as author–date).

The primary structure of this enzyme has also been determined (Finnegan et al., 2004).