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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Articles, online

Journal article, online

Author's last name Author's first initial(s). Year published, posted, or revised. Title of article. Journal abbreviation Volume number(Issue number):page numbers. doi.

(Note: doi stands for Digital Object Identifier; doi names are used to identify specific digital documents.)

Bina XR, Taylor DL, Vikram A, Ante VM, Bina JE. 2013. Vibrio cholerae ToxR downregulated virulence factor production in response to cyclo(Phe-Pro). mBio 4(5):e00366-13 doi:10.1128/mBio.00366-13.

Journal article, online (Example 2)

Author's last name Author's first initial(s). Year published, posted, or revised. Title of article. Journal title Volume number(Issue number):page numbers. doi.

(Note: Different online journals use different page-numbering systems, so pay attention to the format used by the article you are citing.)

Winnick S, Lucas DO, Hartman AL, Toll D. 2005. How do you improve compliance? Pediatrics 115(1):e718-e724. doi: 10.1542/peds.2004-1133.
Journal article, online (Example 3)

Author's last name Author's first initial(s). Year published, posted, or revised. Title of article. Journal title Volume number(Issue number):page numbers. doi.

(Note: If page numbers are not used, omit them from your citation.)

Giege R, Springer M. 2012. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in the bacterial world. EcoSal Plus. doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.4.2.1.