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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Books

One author

Author Last name, First name. Year of Publication. Book Title. City, State of Publication: Publisher.

Rees, Jonathan. 2013. Refrigeration Nation: A History of Ice, Appliances, and Enterprise in America. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Note: For major American cities (e.g. New York, Los Angeles, Boston), it is not necessary to include a state of publication. For books published internationally, include the city and country of publication.

Ryan, Jennifer D. 2010. Post-Jazz Poetics: A Social History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bruce, Steve. 1999. Sociology: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Two or more authors

First author Last name, First name, and Second author First name Last name. Year of Publication. Book Title. City, State of Publication: Publisher.

Jaynes, Gerald D., and Robin M. Williams, Jr. 1989. A Common Destiny: Blacks and American Society. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Patten, Michael A., Guy McCaskie, and Philip Unitt. 2003. Birds of the Salton Sea: Status, Biogeography, and Ecology. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Note: only invert the name of the first author; other author names should be given in normal order.

Edited book

Editor Last name, First name, ed. Year of Publication. Book Title. City, State of Publication: Publisher.

Koshar, Rudy, ed. 1990. Splintered Classes. New York: Homes and Meier.

Hagen, John, and Ruth D. Peterson, eds. 1995. Crime and Inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Edited book, edition other than the first

Editor Last name, First name, ed. Year of Publication. Book Title. Edition number. City, State of Publication: Publisher.

Little, Roderick J.A., and Donald B. Rubin. 2002. Statistical Analyses with Missing Data. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley.

Chapter or essay in an anthology or edited book

Chapter author Last name, First name. Year of Publication. "Title of Chapter." Pp. page numbers in Title of Book, edited by Editor First initial. Last name. City, State of Publication: Publisher.

Deener, Andrew. 2014. "Neighborhood Symbiosis." Pp. 135-47 in The Urban Ethnography Reader, edited by M. Duneier, P. Kasinitz, and A. K. Murphy. New York: Oxford University Press.

E-Book, from a database

Author Last name, First name. Year of Publication. Book Title. City, State of Publication: Publisher. Retrieved Month Day, Year (URL).

Massumi, Brian. 2015. The Power at the End of the Economy. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Retrieved November 16, 2015 (http://pvcc.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1894985).

Note: If a book is available in more than one format (e.g. print or e-book), the citation can be formatted to include both versions.

Blau, Judith, and Mark Frezzo. 2012. Sociology and Human Rights: A Bill of Rights for the Twenty-First Century. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483349121.)

Online only book

Author Last name, First name. Year of Publication. Book Title. Publishing or sponsoring organization. Retrieved Month Day, Year (URL).

Young, T. R. 1999. Crime and Social Justice: Theory and Policy for the 21st Century. Red Feather Institute. Retrieved June 22, 2010 (http://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/RED_FEATHER/crime/001contents.html).