|The writer reports the news. People’s opinions may appear as part of that reporting (“According to Mr. Smith…”), but the writer does not explicitly present his/her own views.||
The writer shares his or her own views and explicitly seeks to persuade readers to adopt those views as their own.
"When assumptions or opinions favoring one side (or interpretation) of an issue or event skew news reporting in a way that is unfair or distorting."
From The Word Wall
According to the News Literacy Project, news bias is usually "incidental and debatable rather than intentional and overt," meaning news organizations are trying NOT to be biased in their news reporting. (This rule does not apply to opinion or commentary pieces which, quite intentionally, present a point of view.) Sometimes bias happens, but most reputable journalists and news organizations attempt to be accurate and fair.
|Type of Bias||Definition|
|Partisan||When news coverage unfairly favors one political party, viewpoint, or group.|
|Demographic||When the demographic of the news organization and journalists affect how they present or write an article. Can be present when the newsroom staff is not diverse.|
|Corporate||When the parent company or owner affect the presentation of news stories.|
|Neutrality||Also known as "false balance" or "both sides." When something is demonstrably known (like climate change), but the news article attempts a neutral stance.|
|Big Story||When journalists lean in (focus too much) on big stories.|
|Visual||Including visuals will draw the reader's attention. Do images presented evoke specific responses? Do they prejudice the reader to view the news one way?|
These types of bias are usually presented by the following forms.
|Form of Bias||Definition|
|Absence of fairness and balance||The failure of a straight news report to present a fair and balanced representation of the event or issue.|
|Framing||The way that journalists approach and organize a story. Various types of news media bias can be expressed in how a story is framed.|
|Story selection||The process that news outlets use to decide which issues and events to cover.|
|Tone||In journalism, the use of words and phrases that affect the audience's perception of the issue or event being covered.|
|Sourcing||All of the people, organizations, documents and other providers of information that are used to put together a news report, the use of incomplete or otherwise flawed sourcing.|
Loaded Language (Connotative vs. Denotative--dictionary definition)
A word "that carries additional emotional weight or significance--whether positive or negative--beyond its literal meaning."
What are the dictionary definitions of these words? What thoughts, feelings, emotions, or stereotypes do these words evoke?
Questions to ask yourself: Is your writing readable by the general population? Does the general reader understand the terms you use?