Citations in the 8th edition of the MLA style are all made up of 9 elements, called core elements. These are elements common to most citations. By using the core elements, any item can be cited, regardless of format. Please play close attention to the punctuation after each element.
When an element is unavailable, it is simply skipped.
A crucial concept for the new MLA style is the concept of containers. A container is the larger work that includes the source. A chapter is contained in a book; an article is contained in a periodical; an episode of a sitcom is contained in the series, etc. There are other changes in the 8th edition; to learn about them, click here.
Note: This playbook uses the core elements to format the most common types of citations, but it is recommended that everyone spend some time learning how to put the elements together to format any citation.
Microsoft Word includes a citation utility that promises to format citations in several styles, such as MLA, APA, and Chicago. This utility should not be used, as it is never correctly programmed and produces erroneously formatted citations.
Please note that the Jessup Library librarians do not support the Word citing utility and are therefore unable to help students who choose to use it. The librarians suggest learning how to cite from scratch.
Citation generators format your citations based on the information you enter into their fields. Using these apps is counterproductive because
Follow the steps below to format the hanging indent with Word
 Select the text you would like to format (you can select your entire list of citations, for example, to format all at once)
 From the Home tab in Word, select the arrow next to Paragraph
 Next, under Special, select Hanging
Follow the steps below to format the hanging indent with Google Docs
 Select the text you want to format in hanging indent style
 Click Format
 Click Align & Indent
 Click Indentation Options
 Under Special, select Hanging (it's usually already selected)
 Click Apply