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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Books

MLA Citation Style for Books:
One author

Author Last Name, First Name. Book Title. Publisher, Year of Publication.

Kurlansky, Mark. Salt: A World History. Penguin Books, 2003. 

Two authors

Author Last Name, First Name, and Author First Name Last Name. 

Welsch, Roger L., and Linda K. Welsch. Cather's Kitchens: Foodways in Literature and Life. U of Nebraska P, 1987.

Three or more authors

When there are three or more authors, use only the first author's last name and first name, followed by "et al."

Plag, Ingo, et al. Introduction to English Linguistics. Mouton, 2007.

Edited book, one editor

Editor Last Name, First Name, editor. Book Title. Publisher, Year of Publication.

Shell, Marc, editor. American Babel: Literatures of the United States from Abnaki to Zuni. Harvard UP, 2002.

Edited book, two editors

Editor Last Name, First Name, and Editor First Name Last Name, editors. Book Title. Publisher, year.

Holland, Merlin, and Rupert Hart-Davis, editors. The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde. Henry Holt, 2000.

Edited book, three or more editors

Editor Last Name, First Name, et al., editors. Book Title. Publisher, Year.

Johnson, Norinne G. et al., editors. Beyond Appearance: A New Look at Adolescent Girls. American Psychological Association, 2001.

Edition other than the first

The edition goes after the title. A comma follows the edition and separates it from the publisher field.

Hays, Margaret. History of Plastics in America. 7th ed., Green & Sons, 2017.

Scott, Eleanor, and Marie Eisenberg, editors. Child Care Experiences. 2nd ed., Boston UP, 2009.

Chapter, essay, short story, or poem in an anthology or edited book

Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Chapter, Essay, etc." Book Title, edited by Editor First Name Last Name, Publisher, Year, pp.

Jackson, Shirley. "The Lottery." Literature: Approaches to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama, edited by Robert DiYanni, McGraw Hill, 2008, pp. 409-15.

Note: If the authored section is part of an authored, not edited, book, remove the word "edited" from the citation.  See the source for this note.

Carr, Nicholas. "World and Screen." Everyone's an Author: With Readings, by Andrea Lunsford et al., 2nd ed., W.W. Norton & Company, 2017, pp. 889-898.

Turkle, Sherry. “No Need to Call.” "They Say/I Say:" The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing: With Readings, across Disciplines, by Gerald Graff et al., 4th ed., W.W. Norton & Company, 2018, pp.561-579.

Introduction, foreword, preface, or afterword in an anthology or edited book

Author Last name, First name.  "Title of Section (if available)." Name of Section. Book Title, edited by Editor's First name Last name, Publisher, Year, pp.

DiYanni, Robert. "Literature: Reading, Writing, and Critical Thinking." Introduction. Literature: Approaches to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama, edited by DiYanni, McGraw Hill, 2008, pp. 1-23.

Note: Because the section was written by the same person who edited the book, the "edited by" statement is followed only by a last name.

Entry in a reference book

Author Last name, First name. "Entry Title." Reference Book Title, edited by Editor First name Last name, Edition number (if available), volume number (if available), Publisher, Year.

Allen, Anita L. "Privacy in Health Care." Encyclopedia of Bioethics, edited by Stephen G. Post, 3rd. ed., vol. 4, Macmillan-Thomson, 2004.

If the entry is unsigned, begin with the entry title.

"Currency." Dictionary of Economic Terms, edited by Charles Rhodes, Random House, 2009.

E-book from a database

Author Last name, First name. Book Title. Publisher, Year of publication. Name of Database, permanent link.

Nadler, Reldan S. Leading with Emotional Intelligence: Hands-on Strategies for Building Confident and Collaborative Star Performers. McGraw Hill, 2011. eBooks on EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/.

Note: the URL for this e-book is very long and has been truncated. This is allowed by the style.  Source.

E-book from an e-reader

Author Last name, First name. Book Title. E-reader name, Publisher, Year of publication. 

Slawenski, Kenneth. J.D. Salinger: A Life. Kindle ed., Random House, 2011.

E-book from an app

Use the core elements to cite this, just as you would any other source. The app's version goes in the "version" element. The publisher is the app publisher.

Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Othello. Edited by Barbara Mowatt and Paul Werstine, version 1.3.1, Luminary Digital Media, 2013.

Audiobook

Use the core elements to cite audiobooks.  See the example below. 

Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid’s Tale. Narrated by Claire Danes et al., Audible, 2017. Audiobook.

Note: In text citations should include the relevant time or range of times in hours, minutes, and seconds:

 (Atwood 01:47:12-29)

For more details, For more details on citing audiobooks, visit the MLA site