|Film or video||
Last Name, Initials of Director/Producer/Host/Artist/etc. (Director/Producer/Host/Artist/etc.). (Year). Title of work [Description]. Production Company (or companies). URL if applicable.
Forman, M. (Director). (1975). One flew over the cuckoo's nest [Film]. United Artists.
Fosha, D. (Guest Expert), & Levenson, H. (Host). (2017). Accelerated experiential dynamic psychotherapy (AEDP) supervision [Film; educational DVD]. American Psychological Association. https://www.apa.org/pubs/videos/4310958.aspx
Jackson, P. (Director). (2001). The lord of the rings: The fellowship of the ring [Film; four-disc special extended ed. on DVD]. WingNut Films; The Saul Zaentz Company.
Last Name, Initials of Director/Producer/Host/Artist/etc. (Director/Producer/Host/Artist/etc.). (Year). Title of work [Description]. Production Company. URL if applicable.
Simon, D., Colesbury, R.F., & Kostroff Noble, N. (Executive Producers). (2002-2008). The wire [TV series]. Blown Deadline Productions, HBO.
|TV series episode or webisode||
Names of writer(s) and director(s). (Year,month,date). Episode title (season and episode) [Description]. In names of executive producers, Series title, Production Company (or companies).
Barris, K. (Writer & Director). (2017, January 11). Lemons (Season 3, Episode 12) [TV series episode]. In K. Barris, J. Graff, A. Anderson, E.B. Dobbins, L. Fishburne, & H. Sugland (Executive Producers), Black-ish. Wilmore Films; Artists First; Cinema Gypsy Productions, ABC Studios.
Oakley, B. (Writer), Weinstein, J. (Writer), & Lynch, J. (Director). (1995, May 21). Who shot Mr. Burns? (Part one) (Season 6, Episode 25) [TV series episode]. In D. Mirkin, J.L. Brooks, M. Groening, & S. Simon (Executive Producers), The Simpsons. Gracie Films; Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.
NOTE: Include writers and the director for the episode. Include the contributor roles in parentheses after each contributor's name.
|Personal communications: class notes, private letters, email, personal interviews, telephone conversations, etc.||
These types of communications are referenced in text but not cited in the References section.
T.K. Lutes (personal communication, April 18, 2011) remarked that students should prepare well for an exam.
It is important for the family to meet with the physician to discuss treatment options (V.G. Nguyen, personal communication, September 28, 1998).
"Studying the material a little every day ensures better performance on exams" (M. Rutherford, personal communication, October 2, 2017).
|Code of Ethics||
Group Author. (Year). Title. URL
American Counseling Association. (2014). 2014 ACA code of ethics. https://www.counseling.org/knowledge-center
American Nurses Association. (2015). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. https://www.nursingworld.org/coe-view-only
|YouTube video or other streaming video||
Author Last Name, Initials. [User Name]. (Year,month,date). Title of video [Video]. Site. URL
Cutts, S. (2017, November 24). Happiness [Video]. Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/244405542
Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2016, September 20). How to diagram a sentence (absolute basics) [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be.com/deiEY5Yq1ql
University of Oxford. (2018, December 6). How do geckos walk on water? [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qm1xGfOZJc8
NOTE: For the sake of retrievability, the person or group who uploaded the video is credited as the author, even if they did not create the work.
Author Last Name, Initials. (Role). (Years). Title of podcast [Type of podcast]. Site. URL
Vedantam, S. (Host). (2015-present). Hidden brain [Audio podcast]. NPR. https://www.npr.org/series/423302056/hidden-brain
Author Last Name, Initials. (Role). (Year,month,date). Episode title (episode No.) [podcast type]. In Title of podcast series. Site. URL
Glass, I. (Host). (2011, August 12). Amusement park (No. 443) [Audio podcast episode]. In This American life. WBEZ Chicago. https://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/443/amusement-park
|PowerPoint slides (online)||
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year, month, date). Title [PowerPoint slides]. Website title. URL
Jones, J. (2016, March 23). Guided reading: Making the most of it [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare. https://www.slideshare.net/hellojenjones/guided-reading-making-the-most-of-it
|PowerPoint slides (from a classroom website)||
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title [PowerPoint slides]. Classroom website name. URL.
Mack, R., & Spake, G. (2018). Citing open source images and formatting references for presentations [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas@FNU. https://fnu.onelogin.com/login
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title of infographic [Infographic]. Site. URL
Rossman, J., & Palmer, R. (2015). Sorting through our space junk [Infographic]. World Science Festival. https://www.worldsciencefestival.com/2015/11/space-junk-infographic
NOTE: Use this format to cite content from an infographic. To reproduce an infographic, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference.
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title of photograph [Photograph]. Site. URL
McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/national-geographic-magazine-50-years-of-covers/#/ngm-1985-jun.jpg
NOTE: Use this format to cite photographs or other artwork not connected to a museum. To reproduce a photograph, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference.
|Clip art or stock image||
Author. (Date, or n.d.). Name of clip art or stock image [Type]. Site. URL
Winn-Boujnida, C. (n.d.). White table lamp on gray end table [Stock photo]. Unsplash. https://unsplash.com/photos/jhDof9B6vPY
AnnaliseArt. (n.d.). Balloons [Clip art]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/illustrations/balloons-confetti-celebration-4022896/
NOTE: Use this format to cite (but not reproduce) most clip art or stock images. To reproduce clip art or stock images, permission and/or copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference. No citation, permission, or copyright attribution is necessary for clip art from programs like Microsoft Word or PowerPoint.
|Artwork in a museum or on a museum website||
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year). Title of work [Medium or format]. Location where the art resides. URL if applicable.
Delacroix, E. (1826-1827). Faust attempts to seduce Marguerite [Lithograph]. The Louvre, Paris, France.
Wood, G. (1930). American gothic [Painting]. Art Institute of Chicago, IL, United States. https://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/6565
|Religious and classical works||
Aristotle. (1994). Poetics. (S.H. Butcher, Trans.). The Internet Classics Archive. http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/poetics.html (Original work published ca. 350 B.C.E.)
King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. https://kingjamesbibleonline.org/ (Original work published 1769)
Shakespeare, W. (1995). Much ado about nothing (B.A. Mowat & P. Werstine, Eds.). Washington Square Press. (Original work published 1623)