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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Web pages

MLA Citation Style for Web Pages:
Web page with author

Author Last name, First name. "Web Page Title." Web Site Title, date of publication, URL.

Green, Joshua. "The Rove Presidency." The Atlantic, 1 Sept. 2007,

Note: Remove the http:// or https:// element of URLs before entering them into the citation.

Web page, no author

If no author is provided, begin with the Web page title.

"Healthy Weight." Centers for Disease Control, 15 May 2015,

Entry in an online reference work

Author Last name, First name. "Entry Title." Reference Book Title, edited by editor First name Last name, edition number, volume number, Publisher, Year, page number(s).  Name of the Database, source URL.

Newton, David E. "Science History." The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, edited by K. Lee Lerner, 5th ed., vol. 7, Gale, 2014, pp. 3861-3862. Gale Virtual Reference Library,

Tweet (Twitter Post)

Username. "Text of the Tweet." Twitter, Date, Time, URL.

@persianwiki. "We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now - #Iranelection." Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m.,

Facebook status update/Facebook page

Author Last name, First name, or Username. "Title of Status Update or Facebook Page." Facebook, Date of Publication, URL.

Pinker, Steven. "Timeline." Facebook, 2 Sept. 2011,

Gaiman, Neil. "Please Celebrate Leap Year in the Traditional Manner." Facebook, 29 Feb. 2012,

Note: If the post has no title, use a few words from the beginning of the post as the title.

Discussion board post

Author Last name, First name, or Username. "Subject Line of Discussion Post." Web Site Title, Date of Publication, URL.

DePino, Logan. "My Board Game Rules." BoardGame Geek, 6 June 2016,