Jessup Playbooks Logo

Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Websites & Webpages [Author-Date]


*A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text (“As of February 1, 2023, the McDonald’s Corporation listed on its website . . .”). If a more formal citation is desired, it may be styled as in the examples below. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date or, if available, a date that the site was last modified. In the absence of a date of publication, use the access date or last-modified date as the basis of the citation.

IN-TEXT CITATION: (Web site author Year)
  • (Google 2009)
  • (McDonald's 2008)
REFERENCE LIST: Web site author. Year. "Title of Website." Publication date/Last modified date. OR Accessed date. URL.
  • Google. 2009. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11.
  • McDonald’s Corporation. 2008. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts.” Accessed July 19.

*For more information, see Chicago Manual of Style sections 15.50-15.52


*If there is no publication or revision date, use an access date. Record n.d. as the date of publication in the in-text citation and reference list. 


  • (Leppert 2022)

REFERENCE LIST: Author last name, first name. Last modified year. "Title." Website Title. Last modified Month Day, Year. URL.

  • Leppert, Rebecca. 2022. "10 Facts about U.S. Renters During the Pandemic." Pew Research Center. December 19, 2022.

*Chicago Manual of Style section 15.50