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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Articles, print and online

MLA Citation Style for Articles:
Periodical article, print

Author Last name, First name. "Article Title." Periodical Title, vol., no.,date, p. (or pp. for range).

Hernandez-Reguant, Ariana. "Copyrighting Che: Art and Authorship under Cuban Late Socialism." Public Culture, vol. 16, no. 1, 2004, pp. 1-29.

Periodical article, online

Author Last name, First name. "Article Title." Periodical Title, vol., no.,date, p. (or pp. for range). Database Name, permanent/stable URL (or DOI if available).

Goldman, Anne. "Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante." The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2010, pp. 69-88. JSTOR,

Note: If a Digital Object Identifier (doi) is available, use that instead of the URL. In MLA 9th edition, the DOI is styled with https://  (see the 9th edition manual, section 5.93)

Chan, Evans. "Postmodernism and Hong Kong Cinema." Postmodern Culture, vol. 10, no. 3, May 2000. Project Muse,

NoteThe DOI  provides a permanent way to find an article, no matter where it is located.

Scholarly article reprint, online

Cite the article as a regular article from a database, then add "Originally published in" and the information from the original publication.

Note: the "originally published in" element is optional.

Bartel, Roland. "Life and Death in Eudora Welty's 'A Worn Path'." Short Story Criticism, edited by Anna J. Sheets, vol. 27, 1998, pp. 344-45. Literary Criticism Online, published in Studies in Short Fiction, vol.14, no. 3, Summer 1977, pp. 288-90.

Note: the URL for this article is very long and has been truncated. This is allowed by the style.  


For journal article citations, publishers are normally omitted, but you may include them at your discretion. We have not added publishers to any of the article citations.

Dates in MLA style are formatted as day month year. Months are abbreviated, except for May, June, and July.  Examples: 15 June 2020, 1 Jan. 1875.

Source: MLA Handbook, 9th edition, section 2.138.