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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Social media

MLA Citation Style for Social Media:
NOTE Use the examples below to format your citations. For more specific information about how to cite social media in MLA style, see this article written by the Modern Language Association.
Tweet (Twitter post)

Username. "Text of the Tweet." Twitter, Date, Time, URL.

@persianwiki. "We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now - #Iranelection." Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m.,

Facebook status update/Facebook page

Author Name (or Username). "Title of Status Update or Facebook Page." Facebook, Date of Publication, URL.

Pinker, Steven. "Timeline." Facebook, 2 Sept. 2011,

Gaiman, Neil. "Please Celebrate Leap Year in the Traditional Manner." Facebook, 29 Feb. 2012,

Note: If the post has no title, use a few words from the beginning of the post as the title.

Instagram post

Author Name (or Username). "Title of post." Instagram, date, URL.

Chabon, Michael. “#rip Milton Glaser. I grew up in his work. So hard to pick a favorite, maybe this, which also features one of the many awesome typefaces he designed, Baby Teeth. #mahaliajackson #miltonglaser.” Instagram, 28 June 2020,


  • If an author’s online handle differs from the author’s account name, you might add the handle in brackets after the name.
  • If the post has no title, use a few words from the beginning of the post as the title.
Instagram photograph

Author Name. Description of photograph. Instagram, date, URL.

Thomas, Angie. Photo of burned copy of The Hate U GiveInstagram, 4 Dec. 2018,

Instagram video  

Author Name [handle]. Description of video. Instagram, date, URL.

Hamilton Videos [@hamilton.vods]. Video of King George in HamiltonInstagram, 5 July 2020,

Instagram profile

Author Name. "Posts." Instagram, year, URL.

Gay, Roxane. “Posts.” Instagram, 2020,

Instagram highlight

Author Name. "Title of Highlight." Instagram, Year, URL.

Guggenheim Museum. “People.” Instagram, 2020,

Instagram story

Author Name. Story description. Instagram, date, URL.

The Museum of Modern Art. Image of Fernand Léger’s The Three MusiciansInstagram, 14 July 2020,

TikTok video

Author Name [handle]. "Title or description of video." Tiktok, year, URL.

Lilly [@uvisaa]. “[I]f u like dark academia there’s a good chance you’ve seen my tumblr #darkacademia.” TikTok, 2020,

Tiktok profile

Author Name. "Videos." TikTok, year, URL.

Keys, Alicia. “Videos.” TikTok, 2020,

Discussion board post

Author Name (or Username). "Subject Line of Discussion Post." Web Site Title, Date of Publication, URL.

DePino, Logan. "My Board Game Rules." BoardGame Geek, 6 June 2016,