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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

Electronic Journals

CSE Citation Style for Electronic Journals:


Electronic journal article (Web or database)

Author(s) of article. Date of publication. Title of article. Title of Journal (edition). [date updated; date accessed]; volume(issue):location. Notes.

Savage E, Ramsay M, White J, Beard S, Lawson H, Hunjan R, Brown D. 2005. Mumps outbreaks across England and Wales in 2004: observational study. BMJ. [accessed 2005 May 31]; 330(7500):1119-1120. doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7500.1119.


Note: Journal titles must be abbreviated.  To find abbreviations, see the Journal Title Abbreviations tab.

Print Journals

CSE Citation Style for Print Journals:


Basic format

Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal title. Volume(issue):location.

Note: Journal titles must be abbreviated.  To find abbreviations, see the Journal Title Abbreviations tab.

Two authors Mazan MR, Hoffman AM. 2001. Effects of aerozolized albuterol on physiologic responses to exercise in standardbreds. Am J Vet Res. 62(11):1812-1817.
Three to 10 authors Smart N, Fang, ZY, Mareick TH. 2003. A practical guide to exercise training for heart failure patients. J Card Fail. 9(1):49-58.


More than 10 authors

Name the first 10 authors, then add et al.

Pizzi C., Caraglia M, Cianciulli M, Fabbrocini A, Libroia, A, Mattano E, Contegiacomo A, Del Prete S, Abbruzzese A, Martignetti A, et al. 2002. Low dose recombinant IL-2 induces psychological changes: monitoring by Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). Anticancer Res. 22(2A):727-732.

Volume with no issue or other subdivision Laskowski DA. 2002. Physical and chemical properties of pyrethroids. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. 174:49-170.
Volume with issue and supplement Gardos, G, Cole JO,Haskell D, Marby D, Paine SS, Moore O. 1988. The natural history of tardive dyskinesia. J Clin Pharmacol. 8(4 Suppl):31S37S.
Volume with supplement but no issue Heemskerk J, Tobin AJ, Ravina B. 2002. From chemical to drug: neurodegeneration drug screening and the ethics of clinical trials. Nat Neurosci. 5 Suppl: 1027-1029.
Multiple issue numbers Ramstrom O, Bunyapaiboonsri T, Lohmann S, Lehn JM. 2002. Chemical biology of dynamic combinatorial libraries. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1572(2–3):178–186.
Issue with no volume Sabatier R. 1995. Reorienting health and social services. AIDS STD Health Promot Exch. (4):1-3.