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Citation Styles Playbook

The purpose of this playbook is to help you cite the sources used in your academic research.

In-Text Citations: Name-Year

Examples of In-Text Citation Format:
One author (Smith 2002)
Two authors

(Rogers and Ludwig 2017)

More than two authors (Cartwright et al. 1999)
Corporations or organizations as authors

(IOM 1975)

Note: The end reference would be formatted as: [IOM] Institute of Medicine (US). 1975.

Works without authors

For works without authors, begin the in-text citation with the first word or first few words of the title, followed by an ellipsis (...). Use only as many words as needed to identify the entry in the end references list. For the year, use the copyright date.



Works without dates (Harrison [date unknown])